Strong point of the historical region of Roero are the Rocche, an interesting geological phenomenon of ancient origins.
In Montà there is the seat of the EcomuseodelleRocche, which contains the knowledge of this exceptional nature of the territory.
The Rocche, chasms that open into the ground and can reach hundreds of meters in altitude, originated thousands of years ago.
In fact, about 250,000 years ago the Tanaro diverted its course due to the erosion of another river. This event, which is called by the scholars “Capture of the Tanaro”, caused a series of very strong upheavals in the sliding valleys. The rivers of the Roero began to move back towards the new Tanaro valley, cutting the sandy soils of the Astiano with deep ravines and picturesque gullies.
This upheaval led to the creation of ravines and gullies in a sandy environment that was once covered by the sea. In fact, it is still possible to find fossils of fish and shells today.
The result of this millennial phenomenon is unique and still observable today in the municipalities of the Rocche. In the gentle hills typical of the Roero, deep chasms open which can reach gradients of hundreds of meters. The sandy walls of the hill form spiers with fascinating and beautiful shapes, majestic and imposing natural amphitheatres in which you can venture following the paths of the farmers.
And this is the terrain that today allows you to have agricultural delicacies and also the famous white truffle of the fortresses, the first Cru in Italy.
In Santo Stefano Roero, in the village square, you can see these large sandy walls up close, inhabited by different fauna and flora.
While willows, ferns and poplars grow at the base of the Rocche, on the top there are pines, junipers and brooms.
For trekking enthusiasts, these are interesting routes, which combine walking with the sight of a particular landscape and the discovery of local delicacies, such as honey, the historical product of the Roero.
In fact, there is the Beekeeping Path: it is an easy trekking path of about an hour where you walk in close contact with the Rocche and there are also two historic ciabòt with masonry apiaries.
This is not the only route, on the contrary it is possible to dedicate a visit of the territory by trekking and tasting typical products, tasting the territory with a visit to one of the cellars that produce the DOCG wines of the Roero, or visit a beekeeping company to understand the production process of local varieties of honey: acacia, chestnut, wildflower.
All information can be obtained by contacting the EcomuseodelleRocche directly.